Bastar District is a district of the state of Chhattisgarh in central India. Jagdalpur is the district headquarters.Bastar District is bounded on the northwest by Rajnandgaon District, on the north by Kondagaon District, on the east by Nabarangpur and Koraput districts of Odisha state, on the south and southwest by Dantewada District, and on the west by Gadchiroli District of Maharashtra state. It possesses a unique blend of tribal and odia culture. Administratively, the district is divided into two tehsils, Jagdalpur, and Bastar The district has one municipalities, Jagdalpur. n 1981 Bastar had a population of 1,842,854 with 1,249,197 of the residents being members of scheduled tribes. This also represented about 70% of the population.Rice is grown predominantly during kharif season as rain fed crop having 2.38.9 million hectare area but the productivity of this crop is low.The kharif crops grown here are paddy, urad, arhar, jowar and maize. The rabi crops include til, alsi, moong, mustard and gram.The forests provide for people’s consumption needs – fuel and firewood, medicines, food and drink, implements and housing materials.Forty percent of livelihoods are forest based, 30 percent are agriculture based and 15 percent of livelihoods are dependent on animal husbandry. Another 15 percent of the income of people comes from wage labour.The major tribes of the Bastar region are the Gond, Abhuj Maria, Bhatra Bhatra are divided into Sub Cast San Bhatra, Pit Bhatra, Amnit Bhatra Amnit Hold Highest Status, Halbaa, Dhurvaa, Muria and Bison Horn Maria.The tribes of Bastar region are known for their unique and distinctive tribal culture and heritage in all over the world.The Bastar district specializes in the preparation of items from the Dhokra Handicraft and Bastar Wooden Craft. Languages spoken include Halbi, Bhatri, which falls within the Odia language group.It possesses tribal odia culture in Chhattisgarh.Muria, Madia, Dhurwa are also spoken in Bastar.
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