Banka is a city and a municipality in Banka district in the state of Bihar, India. The Hindi meaning of Banka is "brave". Banka is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar in India. The district, part of Bhagalpur Division, has its headquarters at Banka town. Banka had a population of 35,416. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. There are many tourist places in Banka District. One of the religious tourist place in Banka is Baba Jyeshthgour Nath Temple (Jethour Nath). This is a Bhagwan Shiv temple. According to Indian Mythology, Jyeshthgour Nath is the oldest Jyotirling in India.The district has a total population of 150,113 of which 145,560 are rural and 4,553 are urban. Banka has been ranked 3rd least developed district in India after Kalahandi and Raygadha (Orissa). The main reason of Banka being declared a backward district could be less urban population. Banka, as a whole, is an agrarian economy. Banka is considered the rice bowl of Bihar. Banka has a very advanced system of agro product marketing which is very complex yet very simple.Banka is strategically located very near to the source of Raw material for heavy industries.Paddy, Wheat, Maize, Lentil, Damodar Pur, Darpa, Amarpur are the densely populated blocks of Banka district. There are a number of Khandsari mills in Amarpur. It is one of the important trade center of Banka district.
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